Caring for your child’s sensitive skin: 5 top parent tips
Babies have thinner and more sensitive skin than adults, so it is more prone to irritation. Here are five tips to help parents take care of their child’s delicate skin:
Choose kid-friendly products that are color and fragrance free. Many products, such as laundry detergents, fabric softeners, and many types of soaps, contain dyes and perfumes that are irritating to your child’s delicate skin. Choose products that are delicate and kind to the skin. Check the product label to make sure the product is colorless, odorless, designed specifically for sensitive skin, and tested by a dermatologist. This also applies to other personal care products such as soaps, shampoos, creams or lotions.
Protect your child’s skin from the sun. Sun exposure can irritate and irritate your child’s delicate skin. Too much sun in later years is especially important to prevent skin cancer later in life. Encourage your child to go out in the sun from ten a.m. to four p.m. Cover your child with protective clothing and apply sunscreen to exposed skin. Choose a sunscreen that protects against both UVA and UVB rays and has a sun protection factor of at least 30. Avoid products that contain P PABA as these can irritate the skin. And don’t forget the lips – apply sunscreen lip balm to your child’s lips. Sunscreens are not recommended for babies under 6 months of age. Instead, they should be covered and protected from the sun. UVA / UVB blocking clothing is also available that will prevent your child from burning out of clothing as T-shirts offer little protection.
Keep your baby’s skin well-hydrated. Choose a pediatrician and dermatologist moisturizer and apply it to your child’s body and face after each bath (within 2 or 3 minutes) to lock in moisture. Proper moisturizing protects sensitive skin from irritation.
Limit your baby’s exposure to other household items in your household. Aerosol products like furniture polish or air freshener sprays, pet dander, and happy meat and fur or synthetic clothing can irritate your child’s skin. Use aerosol products for children, use a weekly vacuum, keep pets out of the bedroom, and choose mostly cotton or cotton blends for your child. Before your baby puts on new clothes, wash all of these new clothes with a delicate, skin-friendly detergent that is color and fragrance free.
Get help with severely irritated skin. Consult a doctor if your baby’s skin is very irritated and itchy, or if it itches frequently. Some children have skin conditions, such as eczema, that may require special treatment.
Skin Care Tips For Babies: Questions And Answers With A Pediatric Dermatologist
Learn how to choose the right sunscreen, get enough vitamin D, keep mosquitos away, and more.
Some of the best childhood activities can be seen outside: swimming, camping, playing in the park, or sandcastles on the beach. As children prepare for outdoor fun, parents need to remember to protect their children’s skin from the sun.
Guillaume MD, Pediatric Dermatologist at the Palo Alto Medical Foundation, answers common questions about child skin care.
What’s the best way to protect my kids from the sun?
First of all, remember that good sun protection is always a must and should be part of your children’s everyday life as well as brushing their teeth. Even on cloudy days, up to 80 percent of the sun’s ultraviolet rays (UVA and UVB) can pass through the clouds and cause damage.
Here are some sun protection tips that you can use every day:
- Apply enough sunscreen with a sun protection factor of at least 30 (sun protection factor) to cover all exposed areas of the body. It takes about 1 ounce (enough to fill a shot glass) to cover exposed parts of an adult’s body and is slightly less for a child, depending on its size or shape. If you have a bottle of sunscreen left over from previous years, you are probably not using enough. Make your sun protection motto “even better”.
- It can take up to 30 minutes for sunscreen to work. Apply sunscreen 20 to 30 minutes before going out.
- If you are using a “water-resistant” product, reapply the sunscreen every two hours and after submerging in water. Sunscreens are easy to rub, wash, and sweat. If your child is exercising and sweating a lot, use it more often.
- Protect your child from the sun by wearing a wide-brimmed hat, sunglasses, and SPF lip balm. When it comes to clothing, a tight-fitting article offers the best protection. You can hold the clothes up against the sun and see how much light comes in to test how well they block the sun. A dry, white t-shirt usually has a sun protection factor of around 7.
- Stay in the shade from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. at the height of the sun
- Remember, the sun reflects off sand, snow, water and sidewalks. So completely apply sunscreen to your children (including the bottom of the chin) to protect themselves from all angles.
There are so many sun protection options. How do I choose the right one?
I recommend that to my patients.
- Broad spectrum is the best. Choose a sunscreen that, unlike UVA and UVB light, covers a wide spectrum. These are the rays that cause sunburn, skin damage, cancer, and wrinkles.
- Buy a product that is water-resistant and contains at least SPF 30. Nothing above SP SPF 30 gives you that extra protection. The SPF number on the sun protection bottle tells you how long you can stay in the sun without getting sunburned. For example, it takes 10 minutes for protected skin to burn. With sunscreen SPF 15, on the other hand, the burn lasts 150 minutes. Currently, the SPF number only means protection from UVB light.
- Look for products containing zinc oxide or titanium dioxide for sensitive skin and eczema in infants, young children, and family members. These ingredients prevent sun rays from physically penetrating the skin, unlike chemical-based products which absorb sunlight and scatter it as heat. Products containing zinc oxide or titanium dioxide are also safe for people without skin sensitivity.
We’re going to Hawaii with our 4 month old boy. What’s the best way to protect it from the sun?
Children under 6 months should avoid any exposure to sunlight and direct sunlight. Give your son a hat with light pants, a long sleeved shirt, and a hat. When you date and hang out with him, apply a minimal amount of sunscreen (including zinc oxide or titanium dioxide) to exposed parts of his face and the surface of his hands.
Should I get more sun exposure if my kids are concerned about not getting enough vitamin D?
Vitamin D is very important for health and its deficiency is vitamin D, it is very important for health and its deficiency can lead to serious diseases like rickets. One way to get vitamin D is through exposure to the sun and wearing sunscreen reduces your skin production. However, intentional exposure to the sun is not the best option for your children’s health. Instead, talk to your doctor about adding more foods rich in vitamin D to your baby’s diet or taking daily supplements.
My teenage daughter wants to go to an indoor tanning salon. Should i let her go?
Teenagers, especially teenage girls, may be very attracted to indoor tanning as they see it as a quick and easy way to improve their looks – and so do their friends. However, indoor tanning salons are not a surefire way of getting your tan or more vitamin D. Tanning beds emit the same amount of ultraviolet rays as the sun and can damage skin and cancer alike. The bottom line is that there is no opposite path to indoor tanning or home tanning equipment – teenagers should avoid both.
My baby’s skin is really dry. What Kind of Moisturizer Will Help?
To avoid rough spots and discomfort from itching and dry skin, moisturize twice a day and it is important to moisturize frequently if your child has eczema. Cream or ointment based moisturizers are best. In-tub or bottling creams give better results than pump-based container lotions because lotions aren’t as effective as moisturizers.
You don’t want to be frustrated if you don’t get the right pitch, so invest in a good capo. Instead, choose scented creams so as not to irritate your baby’s skin.
If your child still has dry and itchy skin, talk to a pediatrician about other treatment options.
What is the best way to get rid of mosquitoes on my children?
If you live in an area that is full of mosquitoes and children – wear your own long sleeves and pants. This is the best preventive measure. For extra protection, apply an insect repellent with 10 to 30 percent DET to exposed skin once before leaving.
Do not place repellants around the eyes or mouth, and do not use DEET insect repellant on babies up to 2 months old.
If you don’t want to apply the hate to your child’s skin, you can buy a clip-on hate and put it in your child’s clothes. You can use a bedroom plug-in hat or mosquito nets to keep your baby safe from mosquitos at night.
When and how to start taking care of your child’s skin
I still have pictures. My third grade photo of me wearing my Snoopy necklace and my cowl neck sweater clearly shows my first run with a wild chin. I love this photo and immediately hate it, even now, more than 40 years later.
I don’t know if skin care was even a thing when I was nine years old. After the word “skin care” hit my radar, I found a 15 or 16 year old wearing a drug store essentials mask and a few prayers to help me get a peach and cream complexion. When nothing seemed to work, I dreamed I had enough money, but I could just go to the mall’s clinic counter and photograph the museum at home that gave me the skin of my dreams.
My trip was a real struggle. What I call acne as a teenager is bad. At the age of 20 I exploded into cystic acne in adults. I had nothing to try and eventually saw a doctor who gave me a very aggressive drug to heal my skin. Medications come with their own side effects, but in the end everything calms down for the most part. However, in my adult life, acne is number one in my skin care routine. And the fight against skin problems led me to become a beautician.
So when a mother makes an appointment with me for a facial for her son or daughter, I know the need, I am anxious, and try my best to help.
In most cases, the question I hear from experienced clients is, “When should I start taking care of my child’s skin?” The answer to this question can be given from two perspectives or goals. A pragmatic approach focuses on training and practice building before an actual need arises. The other is to address a skin problem when needed.
Form healthy habits
The old saying goes, “Every pound of an ounce is worth a pound of cure.” This will be the visit of those who want to start child skin care soon.
For those looking to advance the game, I would recommend introducing some general habits by the age of 10. It’s important to keep in mind that not all children this age are interested in skin care, and that’s fine. Remember, there is no real need right now. The goal is to create awareness that taking care of your skin is something that people do as they age.
Here are some simple skin care habits to start when your baby is under 10 years old.
Regardless of whether they are interested at this age or not, all you need to do is introduce a mild, gentle cleanser into their routine. I’ve seen the best success when the cleaner is in the pump bottle and taking a shower. So they use soap on their body, shampoo on hair, and cleanser on their face. Adding a facial cleanser thus becomes a minor addition to an already established routine.
It starts when it is needed
The first signs of acne can appear between the ages of 12 and 14. It is usually represented in the form of blackheads on the nose, chin and forehead. However, it can come sooner or later or be presented differently. Youth and genetics are the reasons for the rider here and everyone is unique. But whenever it does and it does appear, if your child wasn’t interested in skin care before, they’re more interested now.
Again, I think it’s important to keep the routines as simple as possible. So I want to create a three step plan: clean, treat, and protect. Once the habit of cleaning is established, the second two steps should be easy to add. If the cleaning step hasn’t started yet, just follow the tips above. It works at any age to be added to an established routine.
The mild detergent used requires more major anti acne ingredients like salicylic acid or tea tree oil. Removing dirt and excess oil is important when acne is a problem, but checking for acne bacteria is also important.
After cleansing the skin, an acne treatment product should be used. These products come in the form of serums, gels, or toners, which contain a more common form of an active ingredient and stick on the skin instead of washing off like a cleanser. Keep it simple A toner with a clean cotton ball can be applied.
Finally, a moisturizer should be applied. This is a step that often feels unnecessary for oily skin. However, the goal of healthy color is balance. Are we trying to keep our balance? It’s oil and water. All skin needs both oil and water, but problems arise when the skin is deficient or has many problems with either of the two.
Teenagers with acne don’t usually look for more oil, but they can become dehydrated and this is why moisturizing is so important. When the skin becomes dehydrated and in need of water, it produces more oil and tries to solve the problem. Note that there are different types of moisturizers. These can be in the form of gel-based or water-based lotions or oils. Using a water-based moisturizer that won’t clog pores can help the skin retain the amount of water it needs. When the skin is hydrated, it also normalizes oil production.
Hence, the fear that moisturizers will make oily skin more oily if a suitable lightweight water-based moisturizer is used is not true. Instead, it helps the skin balance itself by holding back the water it needs to stay healthy.
More than just skin care products
There are other habits that can have a huge impact. Helmets, hats, goggles, or other sporting goods that frequently change pillows and come in contact with the skin help control the bacterial cause of acne. It also helps wash hands and keep them away from your mouth and keep cell phones infected. Choose shampoos, conditioners, and other hair products that don’t make acne worse, especially if the breakout is around the hairline.
Most of the topics we discussed deal with the question of what to apply or not to apply on the skin. However, other factors such as diet, stress, and sleep can also affect the skin. The key here is to stick to a diet of anti-inflammatory foods as much as possible while maintaining inflammatory foods like sugar and processed foods. Stress affects hormones and hormones affect acne. As your child enters these teens, be aware of the stress level and factor of rest and play at certain times.
Much of our work as mothers equips our children with the skills and habits they need to lead happy and healthy lives when they are alone. Good skin care habits are a necessary part of this makeup. It’s always a great way to start slowly with a flawed skin care regimen when your baby shows interest or when there is a need.